1 ONDRA (I) Blanik Blahnik b: Abt. 1455 in
Libkov, Bohemia (birth yr is estimate only) d: Aft. 1482
...... 2 MARTIN (II) Blahnik b: Abt. 1480 in Libkov, Bohemia
(estimated birth year only) d: in bought farm in 1505 -free men, farmer in
.......... +Lidmilla Unknown
...............3 N. (III) Blahnik b: Abt. 1500 in Libkov, Bohemia
(birth yr is estimate only) d: Abt. 1571
........................4 HRON (IV) Blahnik b: Abt. 1525 in
Libkov, Bohemia (birth yr is estimate only) d: Aft. 1610 in owned farm
Snopkovy - free man
.................................5 N. (V) (Natej?) BLAHNIK b:
Abt. 1555 in Pod Lhotou (Chodsko Lhota), Bohemia (birth year is estimate
only) d: Aft. 1599
.......................................... 6 MATEJ (VI1) (Blanieckh)
Blahnik b: est 1580 in Pod Lhotou (Chodska Lhota) d: Aft. 1654 in
Pod Lhotou (Chodska Lhota), Bohemia
From Ladislav Blahnik . . .The Blahnik's Mill,
owned originally by (VI1) Matej Blahnik (est 1580 birth), was inherited by
his son, (VII) Martin, (est boirth 1600) who was recorded on the tax roll of
1652 as "Blanieckh." The mill was described as having 1 water wheel. Besides
the mill, he owned 60 acres of field, out of which 24 acres were seeded for
winter and 8 acres were seeded in the Spring. He had 9 teams of horses, 5
cows, 9 young cows, 16 sheep, and 20 pigs.
..................................................7 MARTIN (VII) (Blanieckh)
Blahnik b: est 1600 in Chodsko Lhota Mill: Aft. 1652 in Mill under
Chodsko Lhota Bohemia
...........................................................8 JIRI Petrák
(VIII1 a+c) BLAHNIK b: est 1625 in Bohemia (mill) purchased
dwelling Sandovskou: Bef. 1704
Jakouboke b: November 07, 1638 d: January 06, 1721/22 m: in
. . .We thought that the son of Jiri Blahnik from Klatovy was Jakub, the
heir of the Blahnik mill. After close investigation, we found out that the
heir of the mill was
4 sons of Martin(VII);
Jakub (VIII2s), and
brother of Jiri (VIII1 a+c),
Jan (VIII4) & Matej
(VIII3m) and the heirs of (VIII1 a+c)
Jiri Blahnik are recorded as the owners. (Petr IX1a
and Jakob (IX2c).
[Jan (VIII4) he later bought a mill called ‘Hunovsky],
[Matej (VIII3m) would live in
the Cerveny Mlyn in the Klatovy Region].
[Jiri (VIII1 a+c)
purchased dwelling Sandovskou & brewery but sons seemed to stay at the
So the mill would later be owned by Jakub
(VIII2s), (Petr IX1a
and Jakob (IX2c). The mill ran under the
On June 16, 1719, ˝ of the mill is
written to Jakub Blahník
after his older brother Petr Blahník.
(Their father was Jirí Blahník). Jakub
who inherited a mill after his deceased older brother Petr. Later this mill
has a house number 89.
Some Blahniks were still there in the late 1900's. By 2011 no Blahniks
remained at the Blahnik Mills in Chodska Lhota.
apparently was given his letter of release from Serfdom in about 1646 at
about age 20. He lost his letter and apparently Lord Lamminger tried
twice to get him returned to a serf statues. In 1657 the towns people
pleaded with Lamminger and apparently he remained free for a while longer.
in 1671 Lamminger again requested the letters of release from Jiri and his
brothers. Ladislav only said that in 1722, after the death of Jiri's
wife Anna, Ladislav was released from
On September 5,1657, the Klatovy officials wrote the following to the
District Captains about the brothers Jan & #8 Jiri Blahnik
"As you requested, we are sending [brother VIII4)
Jan Blahnik to present in Plzen, the original of his release letter to the
District Captain, Vilem Brenkov Pukhart from Zelenz Udoli, Lord of Ztina.
Jan Blahnik is ordered to present the letter on August 28th this year and.
the letter will be without harm, returned to him.
You also ordered us to surrender Jiri (VIII1 a+c)
, brother of the above named Jan (VIII4) Blahnik,
upon the request of' Lord of Lamminger, because the named (VIII1 a+c) Jiri
does not have his letter of' release, but only the letter of' standing which
cannot be accepted as a proof' of his free status and therefore, he cannot
pose as a free man.
We would like to humbly to inform your Grace that it would mean great
harm to the said (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik, if he would have to return to
serfdom 13 years after he submitted his letter of release arid. his
letter of standing to the Klatovy City Office and. gained the status of' a
free citizen and became married. All those 13 years he lived as a good
citizen from what we can witness, but we do not have any knowledge of how
his letter of release was lost or why it could not be found.
(VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik is a poor man who with his manual work is hardly
providing for his wife and his children and therefore we are asking,
officially, that you will not deprive him of his freedom. For this purpose
we are also returning the addendum to your letter. We remain with God."
In Ladislav Blahnik's letter dated 10/28/1968 he
states, "In the middle of the 17th century, about 1657, a long
law-suit was led between Lord Lamminger in Kout na Sumava and the town of
Klatovy, about Jan (VIII4) and Jiri Blahnik (VIII1
a+c) of the mill 'Blahniky'. The aristocrat
Lamminger did not wish to agree with the exception of Jan and Jiri Blahnik
as townsmen of Klatovy, but the townsment of Klatovy defended successfully
these new citizens."
Jiri goes on to purchase property
from his mother in Law.
Ladislav wrote: On page 91 of
the Trade Records book #10 in Klatovy which contains the records dated
1653-1684, there is the following record:
"#8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik with his wife, Anna,
purchased for himself, his heirs and future descendants, a dwelling named 'Sandovskou'
which is free of debt, along with the brewery located on the monastery
suburbs, and with everything that is fastened with nails, lead, clay, or
mortar. The property was purchased from Anna Jakoubkove (mother-in-law), who
was a neighbor in Klatovy for 150 golden pieces according to the following
The buyer, #8 Jiri Blahnik, will give to the seller, Anna Jakoubkove, 30
pieces of gold. as a retainer. As an addition, Anna Jakoubkove will give to
#8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik, to her daughter,
Anna, a dowry of 30 pieces of gold, deductible from the cost of the
property, and. therefore, 85 pieces of gold remain to be paid. The
installments are payable every year in January in the amount of 15 pieces of
gold until the whole total is paid. On top of this, the above described. #8
(VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik was obligated to give to
Anna Jakoubkove, room and board until her death. She would, in turn, work
for him within her physical possibilities. Also, Katherine Jakoubkove, his
sister-in-law, was promised free room and board
until she would get married." This was recorded in January 23, 1662.
It is recorded in the city books that Anna Jakoubkove personally
acknowledged the receipt of 15 pieces of gold from #8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri
Blahnik as a first installment on the house in April 14, 1663. Also
the 2nd installment was received by Anna on May 19, 1664.
Anna Jakoubkove was the Widow of Pavel Jakoubkovi, called 'Hapatovi,' who
purchased from Lidmila Slemrova in 1636, 1/2 of the abundant blue-berry
field and the surrounding are (#69), next to his (#68, and Lidmila
Knezevske's house (#85). (reference; Dr. J. Vancura, History of the Past
King's History of Klatovy, part II; Vol. III, page 623).
On page 151, dated March 5, 1668, in the book of' Great Records of the city
of Klatovy, (Archives of Czech Country), is the following record:
Kristof Srna with his wife, Lidmila, purchased for themselves & their heirs,
& their future descendants, from #8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik and his wife,
Anna, his property including the area between the house of the seller and.
the house of the buyer. This property is in front of the monastery and. it
includes also the large door facing the street. The property in total was
purchased for 18 golden pieces. From this place towards the garden of
Tobiase Letovsky, there are several hops plants. Krystof Srna lent 8 golden
pieces and 18 'krejc' to Jiri Blahnik and therefore Krystof Srna was allowed
to keep the hops plants as lien until the loan is paid in full. If the loan
is not paid until the hops plants are fully grown, (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik
cannot anymore pay the money and even if he would pay, the creditor would
keep that year's hops harvest for himself. Towards this transaction, Krystof
Srna paid to #8 Jiri Blahnik the said 6 pieces of gold and the rest it is 20
pieces and 18 krejc were given to Jan Philip Hoch and the purchaser made a
separate deal with him. Whenever the bet would be paid, it was requested
that it would be recorded so it happened in Klatovy on February 11, 1668,
as applied for by both sides the payment of the debt was recorded in Actum
Clatt on March 5, 1668."
Lamminger again tried to have the Blahniks returned
Ladislav wrote: In spite of the effort of'
Wolf V. Lamminger of Albenreuth, who was the Lord of the Chods and who was
known from the Legal Suite, they tried to get the Blahnik brothers back on
his property (he needed serfs), but this effort was fruitless because the
City Council backed up the residents.
The following was written by the Councilmen of Klatovy to the Captain of the
Plzen District on March 24, 1671 (Library copy #3, page 108, Actor of
the Museum of Klatovy):
"It was requested from us to submit the release letters of Blahnik brothers
who are neighbors in Klatovy to the District Office and we are doing so,
sending the release letters of brothers Jan & Matej, and the letter of
sending #8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik, as it was
rewritten from the original and properly attested. under the seal of the
City. We are not sending the release letter
of #8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri Blahnik because it was
lost. The loss of the release letter of #8 Jiri Blahnik was admitted by
Linhart Flaminius, Secretary of the Klatovy City, who obtained the letter of
release from Jiri Blahnik, then submitted it to the Lords several prior, but
afterwards he forgot to return it, and, therefore the letter was lost.
We can witness with a good. conscience that he had a letter of' release and.
did submit it to the city office, because in Klatovy it is the habit not to
accept anyone who was a serf amongst the citizens unless he can show the
letter of release.
Because your grace gave to #8 (VIII1 a+c) Jiri
Blahnik, who was at that time already married in Klatovy, and, that letter
was signed by your own hand, you practically admitted that prior to that,
you gave to #8 Jiri Blahnik, a letter releasing him from serfdom. Because of
this we hope that no harm will be done to the above named #8 Jiri Blahnik.
With that we remain with God."
With regard to his release letter an attached copy was made for #8 Jiri
Blahnik on September 5th (Library copy A3, Vol. 1LI'8b & 1LI.9a). In the
same copy book of Klatovy, on page 120, we can read a new letter of the
Klatovy officials to their grace captain of the Plzen District, written on
May 23rd, 1674:
"High born Serfs: We received your letter yesterday in which you ordered to
us, based upon request from his Grace, Lord Lamminger, that we send the
Blahnik brothers, (Jan & Matej, and #8 (VIII1 a+c)
Jiri, who is married), to the highly regarded district office today. Obeying
the order we advised. brothers Blahnik to come to Obytce (several periods
from part of' the letter was missing.) The Blahnik brothers decided to come
to your office but because they wouldn't have their letters of release,
which are in the office of the City Secretary, who is out of town, we ask
you to kindly excuse them. They will obey and come any other day you will
request their presence."
[Jiri's lack of a letter apparently allowed Lord
Lamminger to place him back as a serf. Ladislav wrote:]
The wife of (VIII a+c) Jiri Blahnik had the name Anna,
born Jakouboka on November 7, 1658. She died on January 6, 1722. Jiri
Blahnik was released from the serfdom for Lord Fredrich Lamminger and
he married in Klatovy where his brother, the mill proprietor, lived.
Jakob (IX2c) Petrák BLAHNIK b: est. 1660 Blahnik Mill d: March 1736/37
in Chodska Lhota, Bohemia (Miller)
d: Bef. 1703
Wife of Jakob (IX2c) (Jan Jakob) Petrák BLAHNIK:
Foltýnová b: c 1670 from Loucim d: May 14, 1745 in Blahnik Mill m: Nov
06, 1701 in Loucim